Afghanistan’s population grew at an average annual rate of 2.14 percent in recent years and the current population is estimated to 32 million, according to a report by the National Statistics and Information Authority (NSIA).
Based on the report, the rapid population growth rate in the country has been creating major challenges on the way of Afghanistan to get the targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
NSIA has called on the Afghan government to take concrete measures towards implementing a series of effective programs to meet the challenge.
Afghanistan’s population in 2019 stood at 32 million, the survey shows. From the figure, 66.49 percent of the people are between the age of 16 to 65.
Addressing, a ceremony marking World Population Day in Kabul on Thursday, NSIA chief Ahmad Jawed Rasuli said that population growth rate is much higher than the country’s economic growth rate and that the trend has also reasoned to the expansion of poverty and unemployment.
From a total of 32 million population, 16.4 million are males and 15 million are females.
The report states that 71 percent of the population lives in villages while the remaining 24 percent live in urban areas. Also, 67 percent of the population is making the youths while 49 are eligible to work, the survey shows.
“Planning must be carried out in a manner that in the first step we should take advantage of this force and change it into an expert force. If employment opportunities are provided to them, and when the young workforce enters into the work market and use them for the economic growth,” said Rasuli.
“The current growth rate of the population in Afghanistan is around 2.14 percent. This has placed Afghanistan among the ten countries where baby birth is booming. It means the average of birth in each woman is five children and it is the main reason behind the population growth rate in Afghanistan,” said Dewah Samad, Deputy Minister of Public Health.
Officials from the Ministry of Economy said that creating jobs for those eligible to work will have significant impacts on the development of Afghanistan’s economic development.
“When we divide the income of a family on each of the members, this means members of the family will have less education, leave the school very soon or remain deprived of sufficient food. This has raised the rate of lack of food safety in Afghanistan to 44 percent,” economy minister Mustafa Mastoor said.
“The population growth rate of Afghanistan stands at 2.14 percent, the highest among countries in South and Central Asia. Gender based-violence is much higher in Afghanistan than the global average of 1 in 3 women experiencing some form of violence during her lifetime. There is no time to waste, therefore, what should we do? There is an urgent need in accelerating the promise and finish the business of ICPD program of action, Govt, donors, UNFPA, other UN agencies, and stakeholders globally, NGOs all of us should renew our commitment for women and girls. Indeed our people, everywhere,” said UNFPA representative Kofi Kumi.
According to the Ministry of Economy, the rapid growth of population in Afghanistan has also left significant impacts on the reduction of family incomes.